Unemployment Increases to 29,6 Percent

THE unemployment rate increased by 2,2% percentage points in 2013 to reach 29,6% compared to 27,4% in the 2012, the 2013 Labour Force Survey 2013 released yesterday show.

The results released by the Namibia Statistics Agency in Windhoek yesterday are based on data collected from labour market activities of individuals 33 744 individuals aged 15 years and above who were living in Namibia by the night of 29 September 2013.

The survey showed that 70,9% (980 781) of the estimated population aged 15 years and above is in the economically active group, which forms the labour force, while 29,1% (403 273) of the estimated population is outside the labour force.

The Agency said more than 70,4% of the labour force is employed. The employed population of 690 019 persons obtained from the 2013 survey is higher than in the 2012 survey by 59 925 persons, which put the employed population at 630 094 persons. Namibia’s population in 2013 was estimated at 2,1 million, an increase of 41 000 over the previous year.

The unemployment rate is highest in the Kunene, Kavango, Oshana and Ohangwena regions where the rates are 39,8%, 35,6% and 32,7% respectively.

The survey also showed that broad unemployment rate for both sexes is above 21% in all regions of the country, with the highest unemployment rates found among persons with junior secondary and primary education only.

“Persons with no formal education face a lower risk of being unemployed than those with education below a diploma or post school education. This can most likely be explained by the fact that older generations did not benefit from access to education but make a living from own economic activities like farming or became employed and gained skills on the job when the economy was healthier than it is today after the ongoing global economic crisis,” the Agency said.

It further said looking at the nation’s figures as a whole 50,8% of all the households reported salaries and wages as their main source of income. A further 19% of the households reported subsistence agricultural activities as their main income source, 9,5% named remittances and seven named business activities.

At national level, the ‘mean wage’ is N$6 802 per month. It is higher for males (N$7 315) than females (N$6 125 per month.

Across industries, the highest ‘mean’ (N$18 139) per month is found in transport and communication sector, while the lowest is found in the private household, where the mean is N$939 per month.

Source : The Namibian