Children face severe poverty

These happy juveniles at a Windhoek crèche are some of the fortunate children who benefit from basic services such as education, clothing and shelter (Photograph by Hilma Hashange).It is estimated that while 15.3% of the whole population is in severe poverty, 18.3% of Namibian children suffers severe poverty and 34% of all children find themselves below the upper poverty line.
This is according to a child-centered poverty analysis of the Namibia Household Income and Expenditure Survey (NHIES 2009/2010) released by the Namibia Statistics Agency. Although poverty is said to be more than simply the lack of sufficient money, the report found it useful to measure such poverty in money terms and therefore the use of one or more poverty lines is required to measure poverty.
In Namibia, the severe poverty line is measured as being an income of N$3330.48 per year or less per adult equivalent, based on the cost of meeting food as well as some non-food needs. The upper poverty line is measured as an income of N$4535.52 per year per adult equivalent.
The report states that households fall into poverty if their income is too small to care for everybody in the household or if one or more adults have to stay home to care for children, elderly or other family members. The report defines children as those under the age of 16 and uses the upper poverty line to determine the different poverty lines per region and age.